- Meeting abstract
- Open Access
A retrovirus similar to MMTV associated with human breast cancer
Breast Cancer Research volume 3, Article number: A47 (2001)
We investigated whether a retrovirus similar to the mouse mammary tumor virus (MMTV) is implicated in human breast carcinogenesis.
Using PCR and specific primers, a 660-bp sequence homologous to the env gene of MMTV was detected in 38% of the human breast cancers. This sequence was absent in normal tissues and other tumors . Samples from several geographical locations have higher or lower frequencies.
The MMTV-like sequence was expressed as RNA in most positive specimens . The complete 9.9-kb proviral sequence of an MMTV-like agent has now been amplified and sequenced in two breast cancers. Structural features of this provirus suggest that it is replicative competent .
Primary cultures of env positive tumors show budding retroviral particles, and the supernatant particulate fractions show RT activity, presence of MMTV-like genes by RT-PCR and viral particles by electron microscopy . Experiments to prove infectivity are in progress.
Whether this virus is MMTV or a related human mammary tumor virus is not certain, or is it known how humans are infected. However, if a retrovirus is indeed involved in human breast carcinogenesis, then preventive strategies can be planned.
Wang , et al: Cancer Res. 1995, 55: 5173-Düsseldorf, Germany. 13-16 June 2001
Wang , et al: Cancer Res. 1998, 4: 2565-. Düsseldorf, Germany. 13-16 June 2001
Liu , et al: Cancer Res. 2001, 61: 1754-Düsseldorf, Germany. 13-16 June 2001
Melana , et al: Proc Ann Meeting AACR. 2001, 42: 115-Düsseldorf, Germany. 13-16 June 2001
About this article
Cite this article
Pogo, BT. A retrovirus similar to MMTV associated with human breast cancer. Breast Cancer Res 3, A47 (2001). https://doi.org/10.1186/bcr374
- Breast Cancer
- Normal Tissue
- Specific Primer
- Primary Culture
- Human Breast Cancer