Oestrogen receptor-positive breast cancers develop resistance to anti-oestrogens by utilising alternative growth factor pathways as observed in our tamoxifen-resistant cell line (TAMR). These include EGFR, IGF1-R and Src signalling as well as increased growth and invasion. Zinc is elevated in breast cancer tissue and has been demonstrated to activate certain growth factor signalling pathways. We have tested the expression level of members of the LIV-1 family of zinc influx transporters and discovered that HKE4 (SLC39A7, ZIP7), previously shown by us capable of increasing the intracellular zinc levels, has increased expression in TAMR. We have therefore investigated whether the development of the more aggressive phenotype observed in our TAMR cells, including activation of these signalling pathways as well as increased growth and invasion, is due to an increase of intracellular zinc and as a direct result of increased expression of HKE4.