Ectopic expression of FOXO3a in estrogen-dependent breast cancer cells suppresses breast tumor development in vivo. Forkhead box class O (FOXO)3a suppresses estrogen receptor (ER)-positive breast tumor development in a mouse model of breast cancer. The MCF7-FO pooled cell lines and the control MCF7-C pooled cell lines were injected (2 × 106 cells/mouse) into the mammary fat pads of female athymic mice given supplementary 17β-estradiol (E2), as described in Materials and methods. Growth curves of tumor size are the means of the MCF7-FO pooled cell lines (designated MCF7-FO) and the control MCF7-C pooled cell lines (designated MCF7-C); error bars indicate standard deviation from three experiments. *P < 0.05 between control MCF7-C group versus MCF7-FO group.