Marker of increased cancer risk in benign breast disease
- Jenny Chang
© Current Science Ltd 2000
Published: 1 December 2000
KeywordsBenign breast disease increased cancer risk TGF-β
Transforming growth factor beta (TGF-β) inhibits the division of mammary epithelial cells, and loss ofreponse to TGF-β is a common event in tumor progression. Previous studieshave shown that the TGF-β-RII receptor is important in cell regulation byTGF-β. Breast epithelial hyperplastic lesions lacking atypia (EHLA) areassociated with increased breast cancer risk.
To investigate the expression of TGF-β-RII in EHLA and the risk of breast cancer.
Preliminary data that requires further confirmation. Of note, largeconfidence intervals were found in this study. If confirmed, TGF-β-RIIexpression may help in differentiating large numbers of women with benignbreast disease who are at increased risk of breast cancer and who maybenefit from chemopreventative intervention.
A nested case-control study of women from the Nashville Breast Study Cohort was coducted.Biopsy-confirmed EHLA with no history of breast cancer or atypicalhyperplasia who subsequently developed breast cancer (n= 54) were comparedwith controls with EHLA who did not develop breast cancer (n=115). Archivalparaffin-embedded breast biopsy specimens were analyzed byimmunohistochemistry with antibodies against TGF-β- RII.
Women with EHLA and 25%-75% TGF-ß-RII positive cells or <25%TGF-β-RII positive cells had a 1.98-fold (95% CI = 0.95-4.1) and a3.41-fold (95% CI = 1.2-10) increased risk of subsequent breast cancer comparedto women in whom 75% of lesion cells were TGF-β-RII positive.
Breast cancer risk was inversely correlated with proportion of cellsexpressing TGF-β-RII. These results, in combination with known histologicand epidemiologic risk factors, may better define the clinical manangement ofwomen with proliferative breast disease.
- Chang Jenny , Dupont WD, Simpson JF, Plummer WD, Schuyler PA, Olson SJ, Arteaga CL, Page D: Transforming growth factor-β and breast cancer risk in women with mammary epithelial hyperplasia. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2000, 91: 2096-2101.Google Scholar