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Fig. 1 | Breast Cancer Research

Fig. 1

From: Distinct mechanisms of resistance to fulvestrant treatment dictate level of ER independence and selective response to CDK inhibitors in metastatic breast cancer

Fig. 1

In vitro generated fulvestrant-resistant breast cancer cells downregulate ER signaling and proliferate independently of estrogen. a Dose-response curves for parental (-P, black lines) and fulvestrant-resistant (-FR, red lines) cells from six different breast cancer cell lines in response to 6-day treatment with fulvestrant (1 pM to 100 μM). Graphs represent combined data (average ± SEM) from two biological experiments with three technical replicates each. IC50 values are reported in Additional file 3C. b ERE reporter activity in parental and fulvestrant-resistant CAMA-1, MCF7, and HCC1428 cells after treatment for 24 h with (+F) or without (-F) supplementation of 100 nM fulvestrant. Graphs represent combined data (average ± SEM) from two biological experiments with two technical replicates each. Statistical differences were determined with one-way ANOVA and Tukey’s post-hoc test, *** represents p value ≤ 0.0001 between untreated parental and fulvestrant-resistant cells. Data for the ZR-75-1, T47D, and EFM-19 models are shown in Additional file 3E. c Western blotting for ERα expression in parental and fulvestrant-resistant CAMA-1, MCF7, and HCC1428 cells after treatment for 24 h with 100 nM fulvestrant (+F) or DMSO (-F). Representative data from three biological replicates. β-actin or β-tubulin was used as loading control. Quantification of band intensities is presented in Additional file 4A. Data for the ZR-75-1, T47D, and EFM-19 models are shown in Additional file 3F. d Proliferation curves for parental and fulvestrant-resistant CAMA-1, MCF7, and HCC1428 cells in estrogen-depleted media with (+F) or without (ctrl) supplementation of 100 nM fulvestrant. Graphs represent combined data (average ± SEM) from two biological experiments with three technical replicates each. Statistical differences were determined with two-way ANOVA and Tukey’s post-hoc test, *** represents p value ≤ 0.0001 and * ≤0.05 between untreated parental (black solid lines) and fulvestrant-resistant (red solid lines) cells at given time-points

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