Skip to main content


Fig. 5 | Breast Cancer Research

Fig. 5

From: Osteoblasts are “educated” by crosstalk with metastatic breast cancer cells in the bone tumor microenvironment

Fig. 5

EOs are present in patient samples of bone metastatic breast cancer. Human patient samples of bone metastatic breast cancer were stained using multi-plex immunofluorescence for RUNX2 (green), osteocalcin (OCN, red), IL-6 (purple), and alpha-SMA (yellow). Left panel—osteoblast identification: white arrows show osteoblasts positive for both RUNX2 and OCN. Middle panel—“uneducated” and “educated” osteoblast identification: blue arrows show “uneducated” osteoblasts alpha-SMA and IL-6 positive; yellow arrows show “educated” osteoblasts alpha-SMA high, but IL-6 low; purple arrows show “educated” osteoblasts IL-6 high, but alpha-SMA low. Right panel—“educated” osteoblast identification: green arrows show “educated” osteoblasts both IL-6 and alpha-SMA low, DAPI positive. T, tumor; arrows, osteoblast. DAPI, nuclear stain. Scale bar = 50 μm

Back to article page