Skip to main content

Table 4 Comparison of health status, fatigue, and depression between exercise and usual care groups

From: Aerobic and resistance exercise improves physical fitness, bone health, and quality of life in overweight and obese breast cancer survivors: a randomized controlled trial

  Baseline Post-intervention 3-month follow-up Between-group difference post-intervention
Mean (SD) Mean (SD) P valuea Mean (SD) P valueb Mean (95% CI) P valuec
SF-36 SUBSCORES
Physical functioning
 Exercise 65.3 (9.4) 74.1 (9.5) 0.001 73.9 (8.9) 0.001 9.2 (12.3 to 7.7) 0.001
 Usual care 65.0 (9.7) 64.1 (9.8) 0.77
Role-physical
 Exercise 68.4 (8.6) 75.7 (9.1) 0.002 74.4 (9.5) 0.003 7.3 (10.9 to 4.8) 0.001
 Usual care 67.9 (9.1) 66.9 (8.7) 0.55
Bodily pain
 Exercise 50.5 (9.6) 63.3 (11.2) 0.001 62.1 (12.1) 0.001 13.2 (17.2 to 9.6) 0.001
 Usual care 50.8 (10.1) 49.7 (10.3) 0.23
General health
 Exercise 60.1 (11.7) 67.2 (11.1) 0.002 67.0 (10.5) 0.001 7.1 (11.7 to 4.0) 0.002
 Usual care 59.7 (11.0) 57.6 (10.4) 0.43
Mental health
 Exercise 69.1 (12.3) 77.7 (12.5) 0.003 75.5 (11.0) 0.001 8.6 (12.9 to 5.7) 0.001
 Usual care 69.7 (12.5) 68.7 (13.0) 0.60
Role-emotional
 Exercise 70.1 (11.3) 83.7 (12.5) 0.001 82.0 (12.0) 0.001 12.1 (15.6 to 7.3) 0.001
 Usual care 70.2 (11.5) 68.7 (10.4) 0.44
Social functioning
 Exercise 79.1 (14.3) 87.7 (14.5) 0.001 85.5 (14.0) 0.001 8.6 (14.9 to 5.7) 0.002
 Usual care 79.4 (14.5) 78.7 (12.4) 0.67
Vitality
 Exercise 49.4 (9.3) 56.8 (9.5) 0.001 55.5 (9.0) 0.001 7.4 (12.9 to 4.3) 0.001
 Usual care 49.2 (9.5) 48.7 (9.4) 0.63
Physical component summary
 Exercise 66.1 (9.3) 72.7 (10.5) 0.003 72.0 (10.0) 0.001 6.6 (12.3 to 4.1) 0.001
 Usual care 65.8 (9.0) 63.7 (9.4) 0.27
Mental component summary
 Exercise 67.1 (11.0) 72.7 (12.1) 0.004 72.4 (12.4) 0.001 5.5 (9.6 to 3.3) 0.001
 Usual care 69.2 (11.7) 68.7 (11.4) 0.56
BFI
 Exercise 7.1 (2.0) 2.9 (1.5) < 0.001 3.1 (1.9) 0.0001 −4.2 (−6.1 to −2.4) < 0.001
 Usual care 7.2 (2.1) 7.7 (2.4) 0.30
CES-D
 Exercise 15.1 (3.3) 9.7 (2.5) < 0.001 9.5 (3.0) 0.0001 6.6 (11.9 to 3.1) < 0.001
 Usual care 15.2 (3.5) 16.7 (3.4) 0.11
  1. Abbreviations: SD standard deviation, CI confidence interval; Short form-36 Health Status, SF-36; Brief Fatigue Index, BFI; Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression; CES-D
  2. aP value for repeated measures ANOVA comparing changes in the exercise group from baseline to post-intervention, and in the usual care group from baseline to post-intervention
  3. bP value for repeated measures ANOVA comparing changes in the exercise group from baseline to 3-month follow-up
  4. cP value for mixed model analysis comparing changes between the exercise and usual care group from baseline to post-intervention