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Table 4 Pooled mean differences of the four comparisons on the different sex hormone outcomes and sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG)

From: Effect of exercise and/or reduced calorie dietary interventions on breast cancer-related endogenous sex hormones in healthy postmenopausal women

Pooled effectsa Treatment effect ratios (95% confidence interval)
Estrone
 Exercise vs control 0.97 (0.94–1.01)
 Exercise + diet vs control 0.90 (0.83–0.97)
 Diet vs control 0.95 (0.88–1.03)
 Exercise + diet vs diet 0.94 (0.88–1.01)
Total estradiol
 Exercise vs control 0.97 (0.94–1.00)
 Exercise + diet vs control 0.82 (0.75–0.90)
 Diet vs control 0.86 (0.77–0.95)
 Exercise + diet vs diet 0.96 (0.89–1.04)
Free estradiol
 Exercise vs control 0.95 (0.87–1.01)
 Exercise + diet vs control 0.73 (0.66–0.81)
 Diet vs control 0.77 (0.69–0.84)
 Exercise + diet vs diet 0.96 (0.87–1.06)
Total testosterone
 Exercise vs control 0.98 (0.95–1.01)
 Exercise + diet vs control 0.96 (0.89–1.04)
 Diet vs control 1.01 (0.94–1.09)
 Exercise + diet vs diet 0.95 (0.89–1.01)
Free testosterone
 Exercise vs control 0.97 (0.95–1.00)
 Exercise + diet vs control 0.86 (0.79–0.93)
 Diet vs control 0.91 (0.84–0.98)
 Exercise + diet vs diet 0.94 (0.88–1.00)
Androstenedione
 Exercise vs control 0.97 (0.94–1.00)
 Exercise + diet vs control 0.95 (0.80–1.12)
 Diet vs control 1.01 (0.93–1.11)
 Exercise + diet vs diet 0.94 (0.87–1.02)
SHBG
 Exercise vs control 1.03 (0.99–1.08)
 Exercise + diet vs control 1.23 (1.15–1.31)
 Diet vs control 1.20 (1.06–1.36)
 Exercise + diet vs diet 1.03 (0.97–1.09)
  1. a For readability reduced calorie diet is labeled as “diet”