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Table 1 Health parameters of male rats and their 50-day-old female offspring in control diet, lard-based diet, and corn oil-based diet groups

From: Paternal programming of breast cancer risk in daughters in a rat model: opposing effects of animal- and plant-based high-fat diets

  CO LB CB
Male rats    
 Weight gain 363.1 ± 6.4 g 398.2 ± 12.0 ga 369.4 ± 7.8 gb
 Fat weight
  Abdominal fat 1.4 ± 0.1 g/100 g body weight 2.7 ± 0.2 g/100 g body weighta 2.6 ± 0.2 g/100 g body weighta
  Retroperitoneal fat 0.8 ± 0.1 g/100 g body weight 1.9 ± 0.1 g/100 g body weighta 1.7 ± 0.2 g/100 g body weighta
  Epididymal fat 1.2 ± 0.1 g/100 g body weight 2.7 ± 0.1 g/100 g body weighta 2.0 ± 0.2 g/100 g body weighta,b
 Reproductive organs
  Testicle 0.45 ± 0.01 g/100 g body weight 0.40 ± 0.01 g/100 g body weighta 0.45 ± 0.01 g/100 g body weightb
  Epididymis 0.14 ± 0.00 g/100 g body weight 0.13 ± 0.00 g/100 g body weighta 0.14 ± 0.00 g/100 g body weightb
  Seminal vesicle 0.33 ± 0.01 g/100 g body weight 0.29 ± 0.02 g/100 g body weightc 0.33 ± 0.02 g/100 g body weightd
 Sperm morphology (% normal) 66.4 ± 2.8 % 50.1 ± 3.0 %a 70.9 ± 2.9 %b
 Daily sperm production, n/testicle/day 31 ± 1.9 × 106 23 ± 0.9a × 106 29 ± 0.8b × 106
 Fasting glycemia 100.8 ± 3 mg/dl 124.6 ± 4 mg/dla 116.1 ± 3 mg/dla
50-day-old female offspring    
 Birth weight 8.0 ± 1.5 g 8.8 ± 1.0 ga 9.1 ± 1.5 ga
 Weight gain 138.9 ± 1.5 g 147.0 ± 1.2 ga 142.1 ± 1.1 gb,c
 Retroperitoneal fat 0.9 ± 0.1 g/100 g body weight 1.1 ± 0.0 g/100 g body weighta 1.2 ± 0.1 g/100 g body weighta
 Fasting glycemia 106.4 ± 2.0 mg/dl 112.5 ± 1.9 mg/dla 106.3 ± 1.2 mg/dlb
  1. Abbreviations: CB rats fed a corn oil-based high-fat diet and their offspring, CO rats fed a control diet and their offspring, LB rats fed a lard-based high-fat diet and their offspring
  2. Statistically significant difference (p ≤ 0.05) compared with aCO and bLB, according to analysis of variance followed by least significant difference test. Marginal difference (p ≤ 0.08) compared with cCO and dLB, according to t test. The data are expressed as mean ± SEM (n = 20 per group)