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Figure 2 | Breast Cancer Research

Figure 2

From: Dysregulation of microRNAs in breast cancer and their potential role as prognostic and predictive biomarkers in patient management

Figure 2

The microRNA biogenesis pathway. The canonical biogenesis pathway starts in the nucleus by cleavage of the pri-miRNA transcript by the Drosha-DGCR8 microprocessor complex [128]. After nuclear processing, the resulting precursor hairpin (pre-miRNA) is transported into the cytoplasm by Exportin-5 in complex with Ran-GTP [129]. In the cytoplasm, cleavage into an approximately 22-nucleotide duplex is achieved by the RNase III Dicer [130] and its interactors TRBP and PACT [131,132]. To form the active RNA-induced silencing complex (RISC) that performs gene silencing, the functional guide strand has to be separated from the passenger strand, which is degraded subsequently [133]. miRNA, microRNA.

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