Skip to main content


Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Figure 3 | Breast Cancer Research

Figure 3

From: Progestin effects on cell proliferation pathways in the postmenopausal mammary gland

Figure 3

Hormone therapy effects on gene markers related to ER expression and activation. (a) Hormone therapy effects on gene markers related to oestrogen receptor (ER) activation; (b) ER expression; (c) estradiol synthesis and bioactivation; and (d) estradiol deactivation. mRNA expression levels were determined by quantitative PCR. Vertical lines indicate 90% confidence interval. Letters indicate significant differences compared with control (P < 0.05a, P < 0.01b, P < 0.001c) and conjugated equine estrogens plus medroxyprogesterone acetate (CEE + MPA) (P < 0.01d, P < 0.001e) groups.

Back to article page