Skip to main content

Table 1 Baseline characteristics of postmenopausal women not taking hormones, Weight Loss Maintenance Trial

From: Sex hormone changes during weight loss and maintenance in overweight and obese postmenopausal African-American and non-African-American women

Characteristic Overall (n= 278) African-American (n= 105) Non-African-American (n= 173)
Age (years) 46 to 78 47 to 73 46 to 78
Age 59.30 (6.32) 58.50 (6.08) 59.76 (6.43)
Race/ethnicitya    
   Black/African-American 105 (37.77%)   
   White/Caucasian 170 (61.15%)   
   Native American 1 (0.36%)   
   Asian 1 (0.36%)   
Body mass index (kg/m2) 33.4 (4.9) 34.3 (4.6) 32.9 (4.9)
World Health Organization category    
   Overweight: 25 to 30 kg/m2 83 (29.9%) 22 (21.0%) 61(35.3%)
   Obesity    
Stage 1: 30 to 34.9 kg/m2 98 (35.3%) 38 (36.2%) 60 (34.7%)
Stage 2: ≥35 kg/m2 97 (34.9%) 45 (42.9%) 52 (30.1%)
Physical activity (MVPA/week) 91.7 (86.1) 82.0 (69.9) 97.3 (93.9)
Alcohol (g) 4.3 (8.1) 2.1 (4.1) 5.6 (9.5)
Years since periods stoppeda    
   ≤4 years 62 (22.30%) 20 (19.05%) 42 (24.28%)
   5 to 9 years 39 (14.03%) 15 (14.29%) 24 (13.87%)
   10 to 19 years 77 (27.70%) 31 (29.52%) 46 (26.59%)
   20 years 46 (16.55%) 16 (15.24%) 30 (17.34%)
Reason periods stopped    
   Natural menopause 163 (58.6%) 53(50.5%) 110 (63.6%)
   Surgery (uterus and/or ovaries removed) 100 (36.0%) 48(45.7%) 52(30.1%)
Bilateral oopherectomy 51(18.3%) 20 (19.0%) 31 (17.9%)
   Other 15 (5.4%) 4 (3.8%) 11(6.4%)
Age periods stopped (years)    
   <45 years 83 (29.9%) 40 (38.1%) 43 (24.9%)
   45 to 49 years 55 (19.8%) 21 (20.0%) 34 (19.7%)
   50 to 52 years 56 (20.1%) 18 (17.1%) 38 (22.0%)
   >53 years 81 (29.1%) 25 (23.8%) 56 (32.4%)
Age of menarche (years)a    
   ≤11 years 138 (49.6%) 50 (48.5%) 88 (50.9%)
   12 to 13 years 83 (29.9%) 26 (24.8%) 57 (32.9%)
   >14 years 54 (19.4%) 28 (26.7%) 26 (15.0%)
Education    
   College degree 157 (56.48%) 58 (55.24%) 99 (57.23%)
Household income    
   ≥$60,000 111 (39.93%) 38 (36.19%) 73 (42.20%)
Smoker    
   Never 160 (57.55%) 60 (57.14%) 100 (57.80%)
   Former 105 (37.77%) 40 (38.10%) 65 (37.57%)
   Current 13 (4.68%) 5 (4.76%) 8 (4.62%)
Dyslipidemia medication use 111 (39.93%) 31 (29.52%) 80 (46.24%)
Statin use 102 (36.69%) 29 (27.62%) 73 (42.20%)
  1. Data presented as range, mean (standard deviation) or n (%). MVPA, moderate to vigorous physical activity. aProportions do not add to 100% due to missing data: years after menopause, n = 54; race, n = 1 refused; education, n = 3; household income, n = 20; age of menarche, n = 3.
\