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Table 3 Mean levels of biomarkers over time by diet group

From: Effect of dietary patterns differing in carbohydrate and fat content on blood lipidand glucose profiles based on weight-loss success of breast-cancer survivors

Month 0 1 2 3 4 5 6
Glucose        
Control 83 ± 1.3 - - - - - 84 ± 1.2
Low fat 83 ± 1.2 80 ± 1.1 82 ± 1.1 80 ± 1.0 79 ± 1.0 80 ± 1.1 80 ± 1.1
Low carb 86 ± 1.2 84 ± 1.1 83 ± 1.1 83 ± 1.0 82 ± 1.2 83 ± 1.1 82 ± 1.1
Cholesterol        
Control 205 ± 5.4 - - - - - 205 ± 5.4
Low fat 204 ± 5.1 178 ± 5.0 183 ± 4.9 187 ± 4.9 189 ± 4.9 189 ± 5.2 192 ± 5.2
Low carb 201 ± 5.2 184 ± 5.1 191 ± 5.0 193 ± 5.0 192 ± 5.0 194 ± 5.3 194 ± 5.3
Triglyceride        
Control 131 ± 9.3 - - - - - 126 ± 7.5
Low fat 114 ± 8.7 104 ± 6.9 105 ± 8.0 108 ± 7.0 99 ± 6.7 100 ± 7.0 100 ± 6.6
Low carb 138 ± 8.9 100 ± 7.0 112 ± 8.2 100 ± 7.2 100 ± 6.9 102 ± 7.1 97 ± 6.7
HDL        
Control 60 ± 2.6 - - - - - 60 ± 2.2
Low fat 66 ± 2.4 58 ± 2.0 60 ± 2.1 61 ± 2.3 64 ± 2.3 64 ± 2.2 66 ± 2.3
Low carb 61 ± 2.5 59 ± 2.0 60 ± 2.1 62 ± 2.4 63 ± 2.4 64 ± 2.3 65 ± 2.4
LDL        
Control 118 ± 4.9 - - - - - 118.93 ± 4.88
Low fat 115 ± 4.6 98 ± 4.5 103 ± 4.4 105 ± 4.3 106 ± 4.6 105 ± 4.8 106 ± 5.0
Low carb 112 ± 4.7 105 ± 4.6 108 ± 4.5 111 ± 4.4 108 ± 4.7 110 ± 4.8 108 ± 5.12
CHOL/HDL        
Control 3.62 ± 0.16 - - - - - 3.56 ± 0.13
Low fat 3.28 ± 0.15 3.19 ± 0.12 3.21 ± 0.12 3.26 ± 0.13 3.16 ± 0.13 3.10 ± 0.13 3.09 ± 0.13
Low carb 3.50 ± 0.15 3.24 ± 0.13 3.34 ± 0.13 3.26 ± 0.13 3.16 ± 0.13 3.17 ± 0.13 3.07 ± 0.13
  1. Carb, carbohydrate; HDL, high-density lipoprotein; LDL, low-densitylipoprotein.