Meta-analysis for the association between twinship and risk for breast cancer. The tests for homogeneity and for publication bias in the studies analyzed are as follows. Twinship: Q = 18.79 (13 degrees of freedom), P = 0.13; Begg test, P = 0.78; Egger test, P = 0.24. Monozygote twin: Q = 5.79 (6 degrees of freedom), P = 0.45; Begg test, P = 0.55; Egger test, P = 0.85. Dizygote twin: Q = 12.53 (6 degrees of freedom), P = 0.06; Begg test, P = 1.0; Egger test, P = 0.3. 1The authors used the female twins as the proxy for the monozygote twin and the female twin with male twin as the proxy for the dizygote twin. 2Women aged 21 to 45 years. 3Women aged 50 to 64 years. CI, confidence interval; OR, odds ratio.