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Table 1 Genes attributed to the stem cells of the mammary gland (Stem cells 1)

From: The protective role of pregnancy in breast cancer

Gene Abbreviation Accession number Cytoband References
A disintegrin and metalloproteinase domain 12 (meltrin alpha) ADAM12 NP_067673 10q26.3 [45]
Actin alpha 1, alpha smooth muscle antigen ACTA1/ASMA NP_001091 1q42.13-q42.2 [45]
Apolipoprotein E APOE NP_000032 19q13.2 [45]
ATP-binding cassette, subfamily A, member 1 ABCA1 NP_005493 9q31.1 [45]
ATP-binding cassette, subfamily G, member 2 ABCG2/BCRP NP_004818 4q22 [42,43]
Catenin (cadherin-associated protein), alpha 1 (102 kDa) CTNNA1 NP_001894 5q31 [39]
CD44 antigen CD44 NP_001001392 11p13 [38]
Chemokine (C–C motif) ligand 2 CCL2 NP_002973 17q11.2-q21.1 [45]
Cyclin D2 CCND2 NP_001750 12p13 [45]
Cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1A (p21, Cip1) CDKN1A NP_510867 6p21.2 [49,50]
Decorin DCN NP_598014 12q13.2 [45]
Epithelial membrane protein 3 EMP3 NP_001416 19q13.3 [45]
Estrogen receptor 1 ESR1 NP_000116 6q25.1 [47, 49-51]
Fibroblast growth factor receptor 1 (fms-related tyrosine kinase 2, Pfeiffer syndrome) FGFR1 NP_075599 8p11.2-p11.1 [45]
Flotillin 2 (epithelial-specific antigen) FLOT2/ESA NP_004466 17q11-q12 [36,37,44,51]
Four and a half LIM domains 1 FHL1 NP_001440 Xq26 [45]
Frizzled homolog 2 (Drosophila) FZD2 NP_001457 17q21.1 [45]
FYN oncogene related to SRC, FGR, YES FYN NP_694593 6q21 [45]
Glycoprotein (transmembrane) nmb GPNMB NP_002501 7p15 [45]
Glypican 4 GPC4 NP_001439 Xq26.1 [45]
Growth-associated protein 43 GAP43 NP_002036 3q13.1-q13.2 [45]
Growth hormone receptor GHR NP_000154 5p13-p12 [45]
Insulin-like growth factor 2 receptor IGF2R NP_000867 6q26 [45]
Insulin-like growth factor binding protein 4 IGFBP4 NP_001543 17q12-q21.1 [45]
Insulin-like growth factor binding protein 7 IGFPP7 NP_001544 4q12 [45]
Integrin, alpha 6 ITGA6 NP_000201 2q31.1 [36,37,45]
Keratin 19 KRT19 NP_002267 17q21.2 [48-50]
Lymphocyte antige 6 complex, sca-1 LY6A/SCA-1 NP_034868 15 [40,41,43]
Membrane metallo-endopeptidase (neutral endopeptidase, enkephalinase, CALLA, CD10) MME/CALLA/CD10 NP_009220 3q25.1-q25.2 [36,37,45,49,51]
Mucin 1 (transmembrane), epithelial membrane antigen MUC1/EMA NP_877418 1q21 [36,37, 43-45, 49,51]
Musashi homolog 1 (Drosophila) MSI1 NP_002433 12q24.1-q24.31 [49,50]
Nidogen (enactin) NID NP_002499 1q43 [45]
Notch homolog 1, translocation-associated (Drosophila) NOTCH1 NP_060087 9q34.3 [49]
Notch homolog 3 (Drosophila) NOTCH3 NP_000426 19p13.2-p13.1 [45]
Notch homolog 4 (Drosophila) NOTCH4 NP_004548 6p21.3 [49]
P53 target zinc finger protein WIG1 NP_689426 3q26.3-q27 [45]
Periostin, osteoblast specific factor POSTN NP_006466 13q13.3 [45]
Platelet-derived growth factor receptor, beta polypeptide PDGFRB NP_002600 5q31-q32 [45]
Polycystic kidney disease 2 (autosomal dominant) PKD2 NP_000288 4q21-q23 [45]
Progesterone receptor PGR NP_000917 11q22-q23 [41,47,49,50]
Prostate tumor overexpressed gene 1 PTOV1 NP_059128 19q13.33 [45]
Retinoic acid receptor responder (tazarotene induced) 3 RARRES3 NP_004576 11q23 [45]
Stem cell growth factor; lymphocyte secreted C-type lectin SCGF NP_002966 19q13.3 [45]
Telomerase reverse transcriptase TERT NP_937986 5p15.33 [43]
Tenascin C (hexabrachion) TNC NP_002151 9q33 [45]
Tight junction protein 1 (zona occludens 1) TJP1 NP_783297 15q13 [39]
Tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase 3 TIMP3 NP_000353 22q12.1-q13.2 [45]
Wiskott–Aldrich syndrome protein interacting protein WASPIP NP_003378 2q31.1 [45]